Art of the Real, an essential showcase for boundary-pushing nonfiction film, returns to the Film Society of Lincoln Center for its third edition April 8-21. Founded on the most expansive possible view of documentary film, the series features an eclectic, globe-spanning host of discoveries by artists who are reenvisioning the relationship between cinema and reality.
“This is perhaps our strongest and most diverse edition yet, and one that truly affirms the impulse behind Art of the Real: the most exciting and essential films being made today are precisely those that defy genres and confound expectations, and that find bold new ways of reimagining cinema’s relationship with the real,” said Director of Programming Dennis Lim, who organized the festival with Programmer at Large Rachael Rakes.
The two Opening Night selections are the World Premiere of Ben Rivers’s What Means Something, an intimate portrait of painter Rose Wylie at work, and New Directors/New Films alum Roberto Minervini’s The Other Side, an indelible, surprising, and often unnerving portrait of Louisianan junkies that was a highlight of Cannes’ Un Certain Regard section. Closing the festival is the North American premiere of Jumana Manna’s A Magical Substance Flows Into Me, in which the Palestinian artist brings German-Jewish ethnomusicologist Robert Lachmann’s recordings from 1930s Palestine to modern-day Israeli and Palestinian territories, re-creating the songs across communities and cultures.
In addition to Rivers and Manna’s films, a number of selections in this year’s lineup marry nonfiction cinema and the arts: José Luis Guerín’s The Academy of the Muses is a meditation on film, art, and gender via a simulated college seminar about the role of woman-as-muse in art, attended entirely by actresses; Ruth Beckermann’s minimalist The Dreamed Ones, in which a pair of actors bring to life the tragic love story of two mid-century poets by reading their letters aloud before the camera; and Thom Andersen’s The Thoughts That Once We Had, a film inspired by French philosopher Gilles Deleuze’s writings on cinema.
New works by familiar names include Jean-Gabriel Periot’s A German Youth, which charts the evolution of the Red Army Faction using only archival footage; Andrea Bussmann and Nicolás Pereda’s Tales of Two Who Dreamt, a black-and-white look at a Roma family seeking asylum in Toronto; and Kazuhiro Soda’s latest verité opus Oyster Factory, a fly-on-the-wall chronicle of a struggling Japanese fishery.
Many films in the 2016 edition have garnered acclaim at festivals and exhibitions around the globe, including three highlights from the Venice Biennale: Im Heung-soon’s Silver Lion winner Factory Complex, and the shorts One.Two.Three by Vincent Meessen and Sea State Six by Charles Lim, where the two artists represented the Belgian and Singapore Pavilions, respectively; Andrés Duque’s Oleg and the Rare Arts, a freeform portrait of Russian pianist Oleg Nikolaevitch Karavaychuk that won the top prize at Punto de Vista’s documentary festival; Ju Anqi’s bawdy, absurdist Poet on a Business Trip, which won the Grand Prize at the 2015 Jeonju International Film Festival; Alessio Rigo de Righi and Matteo Zoppis’s Il Solengo, winner of DocLisboa’s 2015 Best International Film Award; and Mauro Herce’s exquisitely shot Dead Slow Ahead, a surreal look at the journey of a freighter from Ukraine to New Orleans that was awarded a Special Jury prize at Locarno 2015.
This year’s festival also features a retrospective of the legendary Bruce Baillie, whose lyrical films defy traditional form and genre. From autobiographical documentary to cosmic mythology, the retrospective pays homage to Baillie’s work as an artist, and also recognizes his legacy as a distributor and promoter of avant-garde filmmakers. Consisting of five programs of short films, including his social documentaries, his collaborations with the Canyon Cinema Community, which he founded, and an exploration of the connection his films have to those of his longtime friend Stan Brakhage, All My Life: The Films of Bruce Baillie examines his far-reaching influence on experimental and nonfiction cinema. After Art of the Real, the retrospective, organized by curator Garbiñe Ortega, will travel around the country and internationally; more details will be announced later.
In addition to the repertory offerings in the retrospective, a revival of Philip Trevelyan’s 1971 The Moon and the Sledgehammer, a portrait of an eccentric family living off the grid outside of London, will screen in a new print. Following the film, Trevelyan will appear in person for a conversation moderated by our Opening Night filmmaker Ben Rivers.
Tickets go on sale Thursday, March 24. Film Society members receive a pre-sale period starting Tuesday, March 22. A 3+ Film Package and an All Access Pass will be available.
Art of the Real is organized by Dennis Lim and Rachael Rakes and presented with support from MUBI. Special thanks to the Austrian Cultural Forum New York; Harvard Film Archive; and Istituto Luce Cinecittà—Film Italia. The Bruce Baillie retrospective is organized by Garbiñe Ortega.
All screenings will take place in the Elinor Bunin Munroe Film Center unless otherwise noted. All films are projected digitally unless otherwise noted.
The Other Side
Roberto Minervini, France/Italy, 2015, 92m
Roberto Minervini’s follow-up to his acclaimed “Texas Trilogy” (including Stop the Pounding Heart, New Directors/New Films 2014) is an indelible, surprising, and often unnerving portrait of bayou nihilism. Focusing primarily on Louisianian junkies Mark Kelley and Lisa Allen, Minervini immerses us in their daily routines—shooting up, shooting their mouths off, and just plain shooting—with an eye and ear for unexpected poetry and comedy, as well as for the political ramifications of their downtrodden, hedonistic libertarianism. Minervini tactfully presents his subjects in all their contradictions, permitting them a freedom that contrasts with the liberties they paranoiacally intend to protect from the federal government. In light of the Ammon Bundy militia, and in an election year of inflammatory rhetoric, it’s hard to imagine a more topical or more essential film. A Film Movement release.
Friday, April 8, 7:00pm (Q&A with Roberto Minervini)
Walter Reade Theater
What Means Something
Ben Rivers, UK, 2016, 67m
In the spirit of his previous explorations of solitude (including Two Years at Sea and A Spell to Ward Off the Darkness), Ben Rivers shows painter Rose Wylie at work—in real time—inside her home. Neither passive nor overly styled, this intimate portrait of an artist truly illuminates her singular creative process. In lone sections of the film that acknowledge the camera’s presence, Wylie speaks about her past work while thumbing through a sketchbook and reads an extensive passage from an essay titled “What Are Masterpieces?” A treat for both fans of the artist and the director. World Premiere
Friday, April 8, 9:15pm (Q&A with Ben Rivers)
Walter Reade Theater
A Magical Substance Flows Into Me
Jumana Manna, Palestine/Germany/UK, 2015, 68m
English, Arabic, and Hebrew with English subtitles
Artist Jumana Manna picks up the torch of musicologist Robert Lachmann, a Palestinian analogue to Alan Lomax. Lachmann moved from Berlin to Jerusalem in 1935 to found a department of “Oriental” music at Hebrew University, and hosted a radio program on Palestine Broadcasting Service that featured pieces from the country’s ethnic and religious groups. Manna includes snippets of the broadcasts, and returns to record captivating performances from contemporary musicians in these communities. Unpretentious in its approach and beautifully photographed, this infectious film proves Manna a master of conveying both the quotidian and the staged. North American Premiere
Thursday, April 21, 8:15pm (Q&A with Jumana Manna)
The Academy of the Muses / La academia de las musas
José Luis Guerín, Spain, 2015, 92m
Italian and Spanish with English subtitles
The director of In the City of Sylvia returns with a thought-provoking meditation on film form, art, love, and gender. University of Barcelona philology professor Raffaele Pinto leads a simulated college seminar on women’s roles in inspiring art and historical literary muses, attended entirely by actresses. Their objections to his arguments are sharp and profound—as are the professor’s post-class discussions with his wise wife. The film also incorporates moments of the women in and around Barcelona, relating both mythological parables and deeply personal stories about their relationships. A favorite at the Locarno Film Festival and Film Comment’s fourth best undistributed film of 2015. U.S. Premiere
Saturday, April 16, 9:00pm
Dead Slow Ahead
Mauro Herce, Spain, 2014, 74m
English, Spanish, French, and Tagalog with English subtitles
Winner of the Special Jury prize at Locarno 2015, Mauro Herce’s slow epic transforms a commercial freighter and the landscapes it traverses into a truly surreal experience. Tracing the ship’s journey from Ukraine and New Orleans, time eventually decelerates to the point of abstraction, the sound of its machinery creating an otherworldly atmosphere. The immaculate, solitary visuals—which have the power to distort sights as familiar as a sunrise—demand to be seen inside a theater. More incredibly still, Herce manages to deliver slices of the Filipino crew’s lives—and then effortlessly transition back to the alien.
Thursday, April 21, 6:30pm
The Dreamed Ones / Die Geträumten
Ruth Beckermann, Austria, 2016, 89m
German with English subtitles
Ruth Beckermann’s unconventional record of a tragic love story surveys its prospects and impossibilities in the wake of World War II. Ingeborg Bachmann and Paul Celan, two key German-language poets, exchanged letters from 1948 to 1967, and Beckermann presents this remarkable correspondence before the camera with two young, attractive actors (Anja Plaschg and Laurence Rupp) reading them at a studio in Vienna’s Funkhaus. Plaschg and Rupp expose the complexities and emotions beneath the lovers’ words through their speech and expressions, both in and out of character, as Beckermann captures them on cigarette breaks, commenting on the text, peering in on orchestral rehearsals, or listening to music on an iPhone. As much a retelling of a doomed romance as an exploration of the reverberating effects of a global tragedy, The Dreamed Ones is a minimalist tour de force, as emotionally wrenching as it is elegantly precise. North American Premiere
Tuesday, April 19, 6:30pm (Q&A with Ruth Beckermann)
Federico Lodoli & Carlo Gabriele Tribbioli, Italy/Switzerland/Liberia, 2015, 71m
English, Italian, and Mande with English subtitles
Comprising interviews with seven different men of varying rank about atrocities they committed (or ordered) during the First Liberian Civil War, this frank and frequently disturbing documentary examines the nature of modern violence and an essentialist concept of warfare. Their testimony, interspersed with snapshots of Liberia’s streets and mangrove trees as they currently exist, along with some terrifying video footage from the era, illustrate the ravages—and the inevitability—of humanity’s basest desire for conflict. Without falling into the sensationalist or simplistic, Lodoli and Tribbioli’s film is crucial viewing for our current age of extremism.
Impression of a War / La impresion de una guerra
Camilo Restrepo, Colombia, 2015, 26m
Spanish with English subtitles
Reminiscent of the Dziga Vertov Group’s essay films, this poetic and painful meditation on Colombia’s 70-year civil war employs a variety of techniques—found footage, stop-motion animation, commercial design, paintings, and original 16mm recordings of present-day cities—to confront the violence that has shaped the everyday lives of Colombians.
Thursday, April 14, 8:30pm (Q&A with Federico Lodoli and Carlo Gabriele Tribbioli)
A German Youth / Une jeunesse allemande
Jean-Gabriel Périot, France/Switzerland/Germany, 2015, 93m
German and French with English subtitles
Using only archival footage, Jean-Gabriel Périot charts the evolution of the Red Army Faction members from impassioned intellectuals to urban guerrillas. The range of materials—which include student agitprop films, glib French and German news panel shows, and Fassbinder’s semi-fictional chat with his mother about democracy in Germany in Autumn—underscore the generational and ideological disconnect that (in part) led to the group’s decision to turn to violence and criminal acts. Nimbly constructed, the film’s analytical patterns are less concerned with pathologizing Baader-Meinhof than showing police coercion and how easily the word “terrorist” can be employed for political gain.
Tuesday, April 19, 9:00pm
Im Heung-soon, South Korea, 2014, 92m
Khmer and Korean with English subtitles
Without a trace of sentimentality typical of such exposés, Im Heung-soon’s powerful film outlines the abusive, dangerous, grueling, and humiliating conditions under which “unskilled” female laborers in South Korea have worked for years. Talking-head interviews with women from a variety of low-paying professions (many of whom have organized strikes for better treatment) are interspersed with painterly compositions of their work environments or public spaces, artfully expressing the degradation and inequality they’ve suffered. These struggles are ultimately connected with female textile workers in neighboring Cambodia, with rare footage of how violently their protests were shut down by armed forces. Winner of the Silver Lion at the 2015 Venice Biennale. U.S. Premiere
Sunday, April 10, 7:30pm (Q&A with Im Heung-soon)
Alessio Rigo de Righi & Matteo Zoppis, Italy, 2015, 66m
Italian with English subtitles
Winner of DocLisboa’s 2015 Best International Film Award, Alessio Rigo de Righi and Matteo Zoppis’s documentary explores the life of Mario de Marcella, a man who lived alone in a cave for over 60 years, nicknamed “Il Solengo” (the lone boar that’s been cut off from his pack). No one knows for certain why he decided to become a hermit. Still, hunters from his home village (who would occasionally encounter him in the wilderness) offer conflicting reasons about his solitude through elaborate stories. The negative space created by his absence is filled with gorgeous imagery of the Italian countryside. North American Premiere
Thursday, April 14, 6:30pm (Q&A with Alessio Rigo de Righi and Matteo Zoppis)
The Moon and the Sledgehammer
Philip Trevelyan, UK, 1971, 16mm, 65m
Philip Trevelyan’s 1971 portrait of a family residing on the outskirts of the 20th century depicts a lifestyle rich in eccentricities, wit, and independence. The Page family lives a simple but self-sufficient existence in their ramshackle house, tucked away within a six-acre woodland property 20 miles south of London. Cut off from society and its influences, the women embroider and garden while the men (wearing suits caked with dirt and grease) tinker, hammer, and braze machines that range from steam engines to a submarine-type boat. This freedom to obsess—over such machines, the moon, or any of their philosophical musings that Trevelyan captures through magnified close-ups—suggests this is a family in control of their lives in more ways than the commuters’ just outside the backcountry.
Saturday, April 9, 6:00pm (Q&A with Philip Trevelyan, moderated by Ben Rivers)
The Monument Hunter / Rastreador de estatuas
Jerónimo Rodríguez, Chile, 2015, 71m
Spanish with English subtitles
A droll yet profound exploration of memory, history, forgetting, and, of course, Raúl Ruiz. After seeing a documentary about Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz while low on sleep, Jorge, a Chilean filmmaker living in Greenpoint, Brooklyn, suddenly remembers visiting a statue of Moniz in a park somewhere in Santiago with his father—who also happens to be a neurosurgeon. Jorge goes on a lengthy exploration of the city of his birth and all the way to Patagonia looking for the statue, all the while pondering memories of his dad and the imaginary territories between his homeland and New York. North American Premiere
Sunday, April 10, 5:00pm (Q&A with Jerónimo Rodríguez)
O Futebol / On Football
Sergio Oksman, Brazil/Spain, 2015, 70m
Portuguese with English subtitles
An unassuming and bitterly poignant portrayal of a father-son relationship that speaks volumes between the lines. After reconnecting in 2013 (breaking 20 years of silence), director Sergio Oksman decided to see every game of the 2014 World Cup with his father, Simão. Without falling into the realm of the therapeutic, the film shows their interactions while driving to and watching the games, bearing witness to their silences and unconscious symmetries. In addition to the odd male bonding engendered by watching sports, the film’s exquisite cinematography also offers a key to a city under soccer’s spell.
Wednesday, April 20, 6:30pm
Oleg and the Rare Arts / Oleg y las raras artes
Andrés Duque, Spain, 2016, 66m
Russian with English subtitles
Defying musical classification, pianist Oleg Nikolaevitch Karavaychuk is an icon in his native Russia but relatively unknown elsewhere. Largely banned from performing in public during the Soviet era, Karavaychuk instead made a career composing music for filmmakers like Sergei Parajanov, Vasily Shukshin, and Kira Muratova, and has recently expanded into multimedia performance. A hit at the recent Rotterdam Film Festival and the top prizewinner at Punto de Vista’s documentary festival, Andrés Duque’s affectionate, free-form portrait features the androgynous virtuoso wandering through the halls of the Hermitage while speaking about how he arrived at the museum that day, the art on the walls, and eventually his own life. In the spaces between, he performs his music with electric intensity. North American Premiere
Wednesday, April 13, 6:30pm (Q&A with Andrés Duque)
Oyster Factory / Kaki Kouba
Kazuhiro Soda, Japan/USA, 2015, 145m
Japanese with English subtitles
Documenting a struggling fishery in Ushimado, Japan, Kazuhiro Soda’s latest verité opus speaks volumes about the state of that nation with an economy of words. Shot over the course of three months, the film slowly reveals the simmering xenophobia of the company’s owners—enflamed by the influx of unskilled Chinese laborers in their employ (who are scooping up the low-wage jobs the Japanese refuse to take). This messiness is matched by the camera, which, while maintaining a cool, observational distance, often gets splashed by sand and sea muck from unloading nets and oysters being shucked.
Sunday, April 17, 5:00pm (Q&A with Kazuhiro Soda)
Poet on a Business Trip
Ju Anqi, China, 2015, 103m
Mandarin and Uyghur with English subtitles
Originally shot back in September of 2002, this lo-fi, black-and-white adventure across China’s remote Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is both bawdy and astute. First seen mid-coitus in Beijing, the titular scribe Shu decides to go on a “business trip”—which consists of drinking, eating, and chewing the fat with truck drivers and fellow bus passengers in seedy barbecue joints and hotels. Against inhospitable, scarcely populated plateaus and bumpy roads, his experiences yield 16 poems that sardonically capture his journey. Grand Prize winner of the 2015 Jeonju International Film Festival. U.S. Premiere
Saturday, April 9, 8:00pm
The Prison in Twelve Landscapes
Brett Story, USA/Canada, 2016, 90m
The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, with many prisoners living in facilities operated by private, for-profit companies. Brett Story’s deftly photographed and elegantly structured The Prison in Twelve Landscapes shows how this new reality is shaping all facets of life by filming not prisons but the areas and people all around them, connected by proximity, money, family, and work. Through interviews with prisoners performing cheap (or dangerous) labor, people paying exorbitant fines for minor offenses, loan officers, and others profiting (or hoping to profit) off the system across the country, Story weaves together a captivating essayistic depiction of our quotidian carceral nation.
Sunday, April 17, 8:30pm (Q&A with Brett Story)
A Roundabout in My Head / Dans ma tête un Rond-Point
Hassen Ferhani, Algeria/France/Qatar/Lebanon/Netherlands, 2015, 100m
Arabic with English subtitles
A quietly profound slice of workers’ lives in and around an Algiers slaughterhouse, this documentary illuminates the entire region. Through gorgeously shot verité footage and (increasingly in the second half) one-on-one interviews, Hassen Ferhani offers fascinating interactions between people and the spaces they happen to occupy. With humor and candor, his subjects address what are often generationally specific issues: the plight of the Kabyle people (an ethnic minority in Algeria), the Arab Spring, migration to Europe… or how know you’re in love with a girl. Save for one scene, the film is safe for those made squeamish by animal death.
Friday, April 15, 6:30pm (Q&A with Hassen Ferhani)
Tales of Two Who Dreamt
Andrea Bussmann & Nicolás Pereda, Canada/Mexico, 2016, 87m
Hungarian with English subtitles
Photographed in austere black and white, Andrea Bussmann and Nicolás Pereda’s film spins mythic tales around an actual Roma family living inside a Toronto housing block for asylum seekers. As the family awaits their day in court, the kids try to stave off boredom by goofing around (often playing solo games of soccer in the halls) while the adults repeat and refine stories about their past, some real and some fictional. Observational but never cold, this hybrid work offers a look into how a marginalized people construct fiction and their own identities. U.S. Premiere
Friday, April 15, 9:00pm (Q&A with Andrea Bussmann and Nicolás Pereda)
The Thoughts That Once We Had
Thom Andersen, USA, 2015, 108m
Inspired by Gilles Deleuze’s writing on cinema, and filtered through the filmmaker’s own boundless cinematic expertise, Thom Andersen’s feature traverses history through film, hopping through genres and eras. Celluloid references and allusions abound (the title is from a Christina Rossetti poem quoted in Kiss Me Deadly). The Thoughts That Once We Had poetically associates clips from one to the next—surprising, enlightening, charming, and bewildering in their juxtapositions—to reflect a vision deeply linked to the moments and visions that have sculpted a singular perspective. Griffith, von Stroheim and von Sternberg, Laurel and Hardy, Godard, and Costa—among many others—all share space in Andersen’s latest.
Saturday, April 16, 6:15pm (Q&A with Thom Andersen)
The Woods Dreams Are Made Of / Le bois dont les rêves sont faits
Claire Simon, France/Switzerland, 2015, 144m
French with English subtitles
Existing somewhere between ecology and ethnography, Claire Simon’s gorgeous documentary explores the many different people who pass through or take up residence in Paris’s Le Bois de Vincennes, a massive public park that puts those in most American cities to shame. We meet migrants seeking a quick respite from urban noise and bustle, hermits living off the land, artists seeking inspiration, and prostitutes doing business. This exquisitely shot study of an urban Eden manages to convey the highly specific culture(s) within Les Bois de Vincennes as well as the universal need for nature. U.S. Premiere
Wednesday, April 13, 8:30pm
Shorts Program 1 (TRT: 83m)
Vincent Meessen, Belgium, 2015, 36m
French and Kikongo with English subtitles
A highlight from last year’s Venice Biennale, Vincent Meessen’s gorgeous and haunting split-screen film weaves together intersecting histories of art, music, and political activism through the eponymous protest song, written by a Congolese member of the Situationist International, Joseph M’Belolo Ya M’Piku, in May 1968. The three channels of One.Two.Three play off each other like the beautiful melody it gradually revives, culminating in a highly listenable performance inside a fiery rumba club. North American Premiere
Sea State Six
Charles Lim, Singapore, 2016, 11m
Charles Lim dives deep below sea level into a labor environment out of sight and earshot—where thunderous subterranean explosions hardly turn a stone above ground. Debuting at the Singapore Pavilion of the Venice Biennale, Lim’s work explores the physical expansion of the state, and changing state of the sea via the enormous, recently launched Jurong Rock Caverns in Singapore, a massive underground infrastructure for oil and fuel storage. U.S. Premiere
João Vieira Torres & Tanawi Xucuru Kariri, Brazil, 2015, 16m
Portuguese with English subtitles
An ethnographic film that doesn’t place the lives of “the other” into a vacuum. Firmly committed to capturing a sense of place, this verité film documents a Xucuru-Kariri tribe ritual that’s permitted to be witnessed by outsiders. João Vieira Torres and Tanawi Xucuru Kariri juxtapose the surrounding jungle and the transformative nature of the ceremony with a young native boy watching Disney’s Fantasia. U.S. Premiere
All Still Orbit
Dane Komljen & James Lattimer, Croatia/Serbia/Germany/Brazil, 2015, 22m
Italian and Portuguese with English subtitles
A philosophical-historical investigation of Brasília, the planned city capital of Brazil that was built over 41 months in the late ’50s and early ’60s, and the small, impoverished town just outside its limits that (literally) sank after its founding. Tracing its origins from Saint Don Bosco’s (possibly apocryphal) dream in 1883, the filmmakers use a lyrical voiceover and hyper-tinted digital images of the city and its environs to question the idealism of the city’s international style. North American Premiere
Sunday, April 17, 2:30pm (Q&A with João Vieira Torres, Dane Komljen, and James Lattimer)
Shorts Program 2 (TRT: 69m)
Philip Cartelli & Mariangela Ciccarello, Italy/France/USA, 2015, 14m
English, Italian, and French with English subtitles
Interlacing its multilingual narrative with high-definition panoramas and black-and-white Super 8 footage, Lampedusa revisits the 1831 volcanic eruption off the coast of Sicily, which created a short-lived landmass that provoked multiple European nations to claim it as their own.
The Mesh and the Circle / A Trama e o Círculo
Mariana Caló & Francisco Queimadela, Portugal/Italy, 2014, 34m
Portuguese with English subtitles
Using a restaged version of Diary of a Country Priest’s opening shot as a recurring framing device, Mariana Caló and Francisco Queimadela depict, deconstruct, and show the movement-based connections between obscure rituals and daily domestic activities from across Portugal. These actions exist simultaneously as symbol and document of the quotidian, a fascinating, accessible experimental and anthropological study. North American Premiere
Engram of Returning
Daïchi Saïto, Canada, 2015, 35mm, 19m
Featuring a driving minimalist score by improvisational musician Jason Sharp, the latest film by Daïchi Saïto (Trees of Syntax, Leaves of Axis) literalizes the Scientology concept of an engram (a mental image that contains pain and a threat to survival) using only darkness and distorted landscapes shot on 16mm. Eerie and intense, Engram of Returning is an apt metaphor for the cinematic experience as well as a singular one of its own.
Wednesday, April 20, 8:15pm (Q&A with Philip Cartelli & Mariangela Ciccarello)
All My Life: The Films of Bruce Baillie
Bruce Baillie’s lyrical and keenly observational work evades genre and explores narratives in nontraditional forms—from short films to longer explorations. His film Castro Street (1966) was selected for preservation in 1992 by the United States National Film Registry. His work has been inexpressibly influential to the world of avant-garde cinema, and his role as founding member of both Canyon Cinema and the San Francisco Cinematheque speaks to his importance in creating spaces and systems of support and distribution for experimental filmmakers. But the nonfictional dimension of Baillie’s work remains underemphasized: the documentary aspects of such masterpieces as Castro Street and Quick Billy (1970) are both salient and integral to his career-spanning fusion of the mystical and the mundane, the cosmic and the personal, mythology and autobiography. The selection of Baillie’s films in this year’s Art of the Real pays homage to his body of work, and recognizes his legacy as an artist as well as his outstanding work as a distributor and promoter of avant-garde filmmakers. Organized by Garbiñe Ortega.
“There were ages of faith, when men made natural connections between themselves and the place in which they lived, the plants they cultivated, the fuel they used for warmth, their beasts, and their ancestors. My work will be discovering in American life those natural and ancient contacts through the art of cinema!” – Bruce Baillie
The following notes are a collage of Bruce Baillie’s statements about his films edited by Garbiñe Ortega. The sources are from the personal archives of the artist, “Bruce Baillie Papers l,” in the Special Collection Library, Stanford University; audio recordings from the James Stanley (“Stan”) Brakhage Collection, Special Collections and Archives, University of Colorado Boulder Library; Garbiñe Ortega’s interviews with the author; the Film-makers’ Cooperative Catalogues, the Canyon Cinema News, and MoMA film notes.
Program 1: Why Take Up the Camera (TRT: 54m)
This program compiles a number of Bruce Baillie’s poetic and social documentaries created for Canyon Cinema venues, entitled The News. These little films provided a format for creating low-budget, urgent, and politically motivated works. They also demonstrated possibilities for a more immediate transition from production to exhibition.
Saturday, April 9, 2:00pm
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1961, 16mm, 3m
A very brief lyrical portrait of the eponymous Japanese gardener at work.
“A living saint projected onto the silver screen. Why did I make this film? I wanted to help my friend find a job in Berkeley. It was one of my first attempts to create film as both utilitarian and Art. Cinema must be meaningful and wonderful in a single stroke of camera and mind. Mr. Hayashi was my own, simple example, derived from an experience in a Zagreb city well, where water and daily gossip flowed freely.” – B.B.
Mass for the Dakota Sioux
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1964, 16mm, 21m
“For it isn’t man but the world that has become abnormal.” – Antonin Artaud
“No chance for me to live, Mother, you might as well mourn.” – Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa Sioux Chief
“Behold, a good nation walking in a sacred manner in a good land.” – Black Elk
A film mass, for the Dakota Sioux. The Ordinary Mass is traditionally a celebration of Life; thus perhaps there is a contradiction between the form of the Mass and the theme of death in any Requiem Mass (Mozart, etc.). The dedication is to the (religious) nation destroyed by a civilization that evolved from the Mass. Created during the winter of 1963-64, between Berkeley and Mendocino, after a trip into North and South Dakota, down through the junction of New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona, and back to the West Coast. The heroic aspect of this work is part of a personal chain of discovery for the author, including To Parsifal, Quixote, and Quick Billy.
Valentin de las Sierras
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1967, 16mm, 10m
“Filmed in Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico. Titles in Spanish. Skin, eyes, knees, horses, hair, sun, earth. Old song of a Mexican hero, Valentin, sung by the blind Jose Santollo Nacido en Santa Cruz de la Soledad… The film emerges from the always painful, continuing impossibility of recording one’s own life! I remember that the strength of my daily impressions there was so severe that I really thought I couldn’t live through it… It led me… into an essential question about recording, filming itself. Whether it’s a distinct action from those actions you make according to just being, and not being a recorder of being, or the concern with creating another being. That is, I am talking about being an artist, a vehicle through which something flows: And all the particular pain from that flow was really at a peak when I was in Mexico… So, in Mexico, I began to shoot, using an extension tube with my Bolex and the three-inch lens—skin, the vibrations in the wooden paving bricks, and the ground, the sun coming up through the road, and the blood flowing down there in the earth. And the sun was so intense I would have thought that the images would be more overexposed. They were so heavy. I deliberately purchased Kodachrome reversal stock down there—contrasty and saturated.
…I kind of liked Valentin. I named my horse after that film, and I’m still stuck with a kind of primitive view of terrestrial-temporal existence—like horse, home, woman, man.” – B.B.
Here I Am
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1962, 16mm, 11m
“A film for the East Bay Activity Center in Oakland, a school for mentally disturbed children.” – B.B.
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1966, 16mm, 9m
“Filmed with a Nikon 100mm telephoto/Bolex, while living under canvas tarp in the woods of the Morning Star Commune north of San Francisco—where this young girl so delicately waved the passing cars by her home. There were also the spring plum blossoms of Sebastopol and the beautiful water bugs in a nearby creek. For years I had tried to attach the lovely Trois Gymnopédies by Erik Satie to the footage, but was only successful recently.” – B.B.
Program 2: American Inner Landscape (TRT: 70m)
This program features three works surveying America’s (inner) landscape: Quick Billy, Baillie’s most personal piece; along with Pastorale D’Ete by Will Hindle, one of Baillie’s beloved filmmaker friends, and the astonishing Starlight by Robert Fulton.
Saturday, April 9, 4:00pm
Robert Fulton, USA, 1970, 16mm, 5m
A Tibetan Lama. His disciple. The disciple’s wife, young boy, and terrier. An old tugboat crossing the Mississippi River. A man in his seventh month of solitude, and the hermitage built by his own hands. The man’s bloodhound; his cat. Clouds crossing the Continental Divide. A mountain stream. A girl. The sun.
Will Hindle, USA, 1958, 16mm, 9m
Joining the lyrical images of a singular high summer’s day, Hindle’s debut film is also one of the nation’s first works from the Personal Film movement.
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1971, 16mm, 56m
Baillie’s tour de force. “The essential experience of transformation, between Life and Death, death and birth, or rebirth, in four reels. The first three are adapted from The Tibetan Book of the Dead; the fourth reel in the form of a black-and-white one-reeler Western (conceived by Paul Tulley, Charlotte Todd, and myself, with Debby Porter, Bob Treadwell, and Jiro Tulley; music by John Adams; titles by Bob Ross), summarizing the material of the first reels, which are color and abstract… The work incorporates a large body of material: dream, the daily recording roll-by-roll of that extraordinary period of the filmmaker’s life — ‘the moment-by-moment confrontation with Reality’ (Carl Jung). Each phase of the work was given its own time to develop, stretching over a period of three-and-a-half years… All of the film was recorded next to the Pacific Ocean in Fort Bragg, California… the Sea is the main force though the film. ‘Prentice to the Sea!’ was something I wrote to myself in those days… The film was conceived for viewing with a single projector, allowing the natural pauses between reels.” – B.B.
Program 3: Searching for Heroes (TRT: 61m)
“I start out on a quest. Thus, again I am speaking of a man in the past, a hero-maker, a storyteller, an image-maker, with whom I was vitally concerned—gradually; I didn’t know any initial point I was concerned with in general, but I was concerned with heroes. Just like a warrior, this poet would start when it was time to start, not knowing really particularly where. And then where he found himself—places that began to tell him where he was bound—he then, of course, began to know about where he was after all.” – B.B.
This program presents two films—Quixote and To Parsifal—that explore the imagistic heroic with which Baillie identified during his quest period with many idols.
Sunday, April 10, 3:00pm
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1965, 16mm, 45m
Originally intended for two simultaneous screens and encapsulating the filmmaker’s first period of work, Quixote is a kind of summary and conclusion of a number of themes, especially that of the hero… depicting Western orientation as essentially one of conquest. The film is conceived in a number of different styles and on a number of simultaneous levels. Taken during a trip across the country from September 1964 through March 1965, and edited through the subsequent summer and fall… the exposed rolls of film were mailed en route to Baillie’s parents’ home, where they remained undeveloped for some time due to lack of funds. It is the last group of films in which the filmmaker was not only learning technique, but discovering himself… often by way of these heroic forms (Mass, To Parsifal, Quixote). Quixote is founded on the original literary figure created by Cervantes… Quixote as the knight errant (self-portraiture), literally embarking on a Quixotic adventure as a 20th-century American poet.
“The Vietnam War was an essential expression of our American (Occidental, Christian) way of comprehending the world, ourselves, history; that is a reason for its thematic appearance in Quixote. The presentiment at the end of the film is of the end we have created for ourselves.” – B.B.
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1963, 16mm, 16m
“Still one of my best. Tribute to the hero, Parsifal… the European legend as basic structure, as well as the hero… ‘He who becomes slowly wise.’ (Wagner, Parsifal) Promised land, I suppose… ‘Parsifal, Bleibe! (Stay!)’ (Kundry)… the last temptation… time, flesh, etc.… Off the coast, at sea, the mountains and the… slow freight trains through the passes; the Wagnerian spirit, ancient Christian legend. Compassion for nature, pursuit (of Eternal Life) through the heroic form.” – B.B.
Program 4: Correspondence – Bruce Baillie/Stan Brakhage (TRT: 68m)
“Mid June, 1968.
You brought me, via your tape, enough joy and thought provocation in Kalamazoo to keep me going all-of-a-piece thru the second very terribly difficult day there. (…) As for your films—ah well… what sheer loveliness as, in the later work, extended with exactitude AND mystery into the film form it engenders for itself—exactly mysterious would be the simplest expletive I could applaud it with… and that’s just a tongue-clap in lieu of saying, more simply, ‘BRAVO!’” (Stan Brakhage to Bruce Baillie)
For more than five decades, Bruce Baillie corresponded with Stan Brakhage. They shared fascinating letters, films, and even audiotapes recorded from a van on the road. This program shows some possible connections and affinities between these two friends’ film universes.
Tuesday, April 12, 8:30pm
Roslyn Romance (Is It Really True?)
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1977, 16mm, 17m
“When I was filming while living in the small Washington mountain town, Roslyn, I noticed it was to be a romance, in the sense of narrative, as well as a question: ‘Is it really true?’ (i.e., what my neighbors held to be reality?) I began my inquiry in this locus, this film with a ‘postcard form’—I would share, mail, exhibit the reels of film during and after as if they were ‘correspondence with a dear friend’… The work seems to be a sort of manual, concerning all the stuff of the cycle of life, from the most detailed mundanery to … God knows”. – B.B.
The Machine of Eden
Stan Brakhage, USA, 1970, 16mm, 14m
Brakhage’s dreamy vision of pastoral America uses the mechanics and artifacts of a 16mm film camera to reimagine landscapes.
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1966, 16mm, 10m
“Inspired by a lesson from Erik Satie: a film in the form of a street—Castro Street—running by the Standard Oil Refinery in Richmond, California… switch engines on one side, and colorful Standard Oil refinery tanks, smoke stacks, and buildings on the other—the street and film, ending at a lumber company, colored red. All visual and sound elements are from the street, progressing from the beginning to the end of the street, black and white on one side (secondary), and the other in color (primary). Editing/composing occurred while listening to an Indian raga based on similar apparent opposition.” – B.B.
The emergence of a long-switch engineer shot (in black and white) is to the filmmaker, the essential image of consciousness. Baillie worked with outdated Anscochrome T100 and high-contrast Eastman negative copy film in March of that year, and editing the film—using two projectors—at Morning Star Ranch during April and May; the soundtrack was originally two-track stereo but, of necessity, is monaural on the film print; the sound, like the picture, is from the street itself—many sounds are altered by octave via playback speed. Technically, this kind of film begins stretching the limitations of conventional cinema (single screen; conventional recording devices, separate picture and sound; ‘given’ photographed frame; established printing methods).
The Wonder Ring
Stan Brakhage, USA, 1955, 16mm, 6m
Commissioned by Joseph Cornell, The Wonder Ring is Brakhage’s record of New York City’s now-terminated Third Avenue elevated railway.
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1966, 16mm, 5m
“Portrait of a friend named Tung, deriving directly from a momentary image on waking… ‘Seeing / her bright shadow / she was someone / I / you / we / had known.’” – B.B.
Stan Brakhage, USA, 1993, 16mm, 3m
One of the collaborations between Brakhage and optical printer Sam Bush — a short that hurdles through its kaleidoscopic images.
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1966, 16mm, 3m
“One continuous, intimate shot from within the commune. Morning Star, north of San Francisco, where I made Castro Street and where I lived among friends for a time while sleeping in the woods under a special tree with my dog, Mama, under an old tarp. The film manages, I think, to suggest how light itself is movement, how color is movement, and how the combined play of light and color reveal that this tableau represents not only a single reality but 24 realities per second. Being is seen as transitory; everything is in the infinite process of becoming.” – B.B.
Stan Brakhage, USA, 1988, 16mm, 7m
With music by Joel Haertling and Stephen Foster, I… Dreaming envisions melancholia and love through home video footage and words etched across the film’s frames.
All My Life
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1966, 16mm, 3m
“A modern favorite! The film is very brief: it uses the soundtrack of a scratched, old Ella Fitzgerald vinyl recording with the foregoing title, and lasts only as long as it takes to play the record. A mere written description of the work might appear banal: a picket fence paralleling an ancient wooden sewage pipe among cascading, wild red roses—and finally a few telephone wires against the sky. Yet the result is to take an aspect of reality, sift it through the creative Mind, and produce a singular, joyous event!” – B.B.
Program 5: Let’s Not Be So Serious About Art – Canyon Cinema Community (TRT: 76m)
Bruce Baillie and Chick Strand founded Canyon Cinema in 1961. The original purpose of Canyon Cinema was to bring people together, to establish a connection “between the people and what was happening.” (Baillie) They organized screenings of experimental, documentary, and narrative films in East Bay backyards and community centers. Acting in response to a lack of public venues for independent movies, they were part of a wider explosion in American avant-garde film. The era was one of social idealism and communal energy, and the films they showcased boldly embraced purely cinematic visual expression and cultural critique. This program shows some films of the filmmakers that belong to that community and who were influenced by its spirit.
“One of our ‘devices,’ as P.T. and Chicky Strand would have it, for keeping the audience honest—that is, not too serious about ‘Art.’ Years of fun, work, and thoughtful exchange, covering perhaps everything under the sun! Our Chair in the Sun, we called it.” – B.B.
Saturday, April 16, 4:30pm
James Broughton, USA, 1968, 16mm, 20m
A lyrical film that celebrates the vast possibilities of what can (and can’t) happen in bed.
The Off-Handed Jape… & How to Pull It Off
Robert Nelson & William Wiley, USA, 1967, 16mm, 9m
Robert Nelson and his artist friend William Wiley playfully act and pose in front of the camera, and then provide a commentary to play over their own japery.
Have You Thought of Talking to the Director?
Bruce Baillie, USA, 1962, 16mm, 15m
“Under the first impression of Mendocino, up the coast north of San Francisco, and of my friend Paul Tulley… combining spontaneity and preconception in a film that is essentially a short lesson in feature form—i.e., somewhat toward a narrative film style.” – B.B.
Angel Blue Sweet Wings
Chick Strand, USA, 1966, 16mm, 3m
Combining live action, animation, montage, and found footage, Chick Strand’s experimental film poem is a celebration of life and visions.
Janis Crystal Lipzin, USA, 1975, 16mm, 9m
Janis Crystal Lipzin’s film experiments with the qualities of light and sound at the Village Carwash in Los Angeles.
Big Sur: The Ladies
Lawrence Jordan, USA, 1966, 16mm, 3m
Lawrence Jordan’s partly pixelated diary film moves exuberantly through its brief running time with images of the Big Sur—the water, the sun against the landscape—as well as the “ladies” who run freely.
In Marin County
Peter Hutton, USA, 1970, 16mm, 10m
In Marin County is an important document on ecology that depicts the odd joy Americans take in destroying things, filtered through Peter Hutton’s bizarre and comic vision.
Anne Severson, USA, 1970, 16mm, 7m
A continuous dissolve of 87 male and female nudes.