With Pluses and Minuses. Mike Stoltz, USA, 2013, 5min.
The Starry Messenger. Marika Borgeson, USA, 2013, 15min.
Palindrome. Hollis Frampton, USA, 1969, 22 min., (2013 Preservation Print provided by Anthology Film Archives)
Radio Adios. Henry Hills, USA,1982, 10.5 min. (Preserved in 2013 by Anthology Film Archives in with support from the National Film Preservation Foundation and the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts.)
Neuron. Robert Russett, USA, 1972, 7min.
Primary Stimulus. Robert Russett, USA, 1977/1980, 8min, (2013 Restored prints of the Robert Russet films courtesy of the Academy Film Archive)
Tessitura Calda, Paolo Gioli, Italy, 2013, 7.5min.
Screen Tone, Richard Touhy, Australia, 2012, 16min.

The Starry Messenger. Marika Borgeson, USA, 2013, 15min.
The title, The Starry Messenger, comes from Galileo Galilei’s treatise of the same name. It is a treatise that deals indirectly with the light of the sun and marked Galileo’s creation and first use of the “spyglass.” (The term telescope would not be invented until 1611, a year after the publication of The Starry Messenger). This film could be viewed as an inverse of Galileo’s process. Instead of starring up into the sky to see the effect of the sun’s light on other celestial bodies, the film brings the sun to earth to witness its very direct interaction with the filmstrip and image making process.

A black and white negative is placed on undeveloped black and white print stock and left in the sun for days to weeks and then fixed. The sun was the only developer used in making the print.

5 Fun Facts About the Sun
1. The Sun’s diameter is about 110 times Earth’s.
2. The Sun makes up 99.86% of the Solar System’s mass.
3. You could fit approximately 1 million Earth’s inside the Sun.
4. It takes light from the Sun approximately 8 minutes and 20 seconds to reach Earth.
5. The Sun is currently classified as a Yellow Dwarf, but in approximately 6.4 billion years it will become a Red Giant and will expand to engulf Mercury and Venus.
And a Brief Definition of a Sun Print:
A sun print refers to multiple printing techniques which use sunlight as a developing or fixing agent.
Many, many thanks to Robert Schaller and his Handmade Film Camp, where this project had its genesis.
“Great indeed are the things which in this brief treatise I propose for the observation and consideration by all students of nature. I say great, because of the excellence of the subject itself, the entirely unexpected and novel character of these things, and finally because of the instrument by means of which they have been revealed to our senses.”

-Galileo Galilei, The Starry Messenger, 1610

Palindrome. Hollis Frampton, USA, 1969, 22 m (2013 Preservation Print provided by Anthology Film Archives)
“The menacing latin palindrome 'In Girvm Imvs Nocte Et Consvmimvr Igni' (By night we go (down) into a gyre/and we are consumed by fire) serves as epigraph to this animated film. Anima is imparted to 12 variations on each of 40 congruent phrases, metamorphosed from the chemically mutilated flesh of color film itself.” – Hollis Frampton
“Hollis, clearly this one of your greatest films! Absolute perfection.” – Stan Brakhage

Radio Adios. Henry Hills, USA,1982, 10.5 min. (Preserved in 2013 by Anthology Film Archives in with support from the National Film Preservation Foundation and the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts.)
A superabundance of useless information effectively subdues freedom of speech. Condense and survive!
“Radio Adios (1982) is a monologue in 12 plaited strands; an extremely precise, condensed and intensely rhythmic Busby Berkeleyish spectacle of an examination of conversational and literary language over a fair range of vocal timbre, microphones, volume settings and single-system sync peculiarities and its dissolution into music to the accompaniment of simultaneous Manhattan ambiances punctuated by fragments of jazz, personalized handheld camera movement, movement from cut to cut-juxtapositions of scale, pulsating changes in light intensity, a varying pallette of various filmstocks, generations, etc., at an appropriately furious pace and in strict one-track sync,.offering simultaneously several levels of apprehension or interpretation to encourage multiple viewings.
“Brakhage said it's real.”
Starring Hannah Weiner, Diane Ward, Sally Silvers, Jemeel Moondoc & Muntu, Aline Mayer, Jackson MacLow, Abigail Child, Charles Bernstein, Bruce Andrews, and Rashied Ali on drums, with George Kuchar as a Maoist revolutionary.